Equipment used in determining if the Area is a Wetland.
This is a task of finding if there is a water source nearby the ground level and its distribution of the water. Wetland delineation is conducted to meet legal requirement restricting occupation of people over water bodies. Some areas may appear as dry land although there is water reserve below them which becomes visible during raining seasons. Hence it is important for land buyers to research the water level of a land before acquisition, as they will not be allowed to develop properties if it is a water body.
Some of the wetland delineation field equipment are.
Their maps which have been developed showing area that in the past have water bodies. This will be important is knowing the exact areas to start the field study.
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The researcher also need to acquire GPS tools. The purpose is to assist the researcher to know the area directions.
Shoes designed for digging. It is necessary to wear shoes that are appropriate for the field exercise. This are essential to protect the person’s feet.
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Digging equipment such as soil knives and shovels. The field exercise involves getting underneath soil by digging deep holes.
Waterproof cameras. There may need to take pictures for the use in research. The area has water hence the need for a camera with ability to take shots in the water. The exercise will take time, need of a camera with the capability of working for the long period required. Also, other cameras will be essential for taking the physical area photos. This is just an ordinary camera with a good resolution.
Pictures for different types of soils. Soil experts have developed a chart showing the different color characteristics of soils in different area thus helping the researcher match the area soil with notes on the chart. To determine whether an area has water bodies, will involve digging of several holes in the area and comparing the colors of the soils with the description on the color chart.
Equipment for measuring length and width of the area. After establishing there is a water body in the area, the next step will involve determining the size of the water body. This will involving digging various distant holes in the area and measuring the distance occupied by the wetland. Hence I order to perform the task there is need for equipment to take length and width of the area. The researchers will come up with the water body boundaries.
Notes taking is also an important exercise of any research. Hence the person going on field study should carry the necessary writing materials. These tools are for recording the items discovered in the field area.
The water body identification and area measurement is an essential exercise which should be undertaken after lapse of several years for example ten years. This is because with the changes in climate some water bodies may cease to exist while others may be created.